UPSC GS Paper 2 – 2017
Q. “The local self government system in India has not proved to be effective instrument of governance”. Critically examine the statement and give your views to improve the situation. (150 words)
Local self-government was established at the village and district levels following the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments in 1993. Panchayati Raj Institution consists of Gram Panchayats, Mandal or Taluka Panchayats, and Zilla Panchayats. There are Nagar Panchayats, Municipal Councils, and Municipal Corporations at the urban level.
The primary goal of local government was to include the people at the grassroots level in decision making. Local bodies were also to serve the purpose of participation of people and training in politics.
These institutions have shown to be effective in many places of India where local people have actively engaged and contributed to decision making and governance.
These institutions of governance, however, have not proven to be effective for a variety of reasons. Illiteracy, the use of money and muscle power, caste supremacy, and other issues are well-known. On reserved seats, mostly rubber stamps are working.
For improved local administration, better education, training, awareness, true devolution of authority, participation of a broader portion of society, adherence to constitutional laws, and strict punishment against offenders are recommended. [174 words]