List of important Mountain Passes in India

Important Mountain Passes

Jammu and Kashmir

Passes in J & K
NameSignificance (Connects)Comments
Mintaka PassKashmir and ChinaTrijunction of India-China and Afghanistan border
Parpik PassKashmir and ChinaEast of Mintaka pass on the Indo-China border
Khunjerab PassKashmir and ChinaIndo-China border
Aghil PassLadakh region of India with the Xinjiang (Sinkiang) Province of China5000 m above sea level.north of K2 Peak (the highest peak in India and the second highest peak in the world)
Banihal PassJammu and Srinigar2832 macross the Pir-Panjal Rangeremains snow covered during winter season The road from Jammu to Srinagar transversed Banihal Pass until 1956 when Jawahar Tunnel was constructed under the pass. The road now passes through the tunnel and the Banihal Pass is no longer used for road transport.Another 11 km long tunnel provides railway link between Banihal and Kazigund. It was thrown open to railway transport in July, 2013
Chang-LaLadakh with TibetThis has a temple dedicated to Chang-La Baba after whom the temple has been named
Khardung Lanear Leh in the Ladakh rangeThe world’s highest motorable road passes through this pass.
Lanak LaIndia and China (Akasai-Chin area of Jammu and Kashmir)This pass provides passage between Ladakh and Lhasa. A road to connect Xinjiang Province with Tibet has been constructed by the Chinese
Pir-Panjal passacross the Pir Panjal rangeIt provides the shortest and the easiest metal road between Jammu and Kashmir Valley. But this route had to be closed down as a result of partition of the subcontinent
Qara Tag LaIndo-China borer across the Karakoram RangeLocated at an elevation of over 6000m.
Imis LaLadakh region of India and Tibet in China 
Pensi Lavital link between the Kashmir Valley and KargilRemains closed to traffic from November to mid-May due to heavy snowfall
Burzail passSrinagar- Kishan Ganga ValleyThis pass joins the Astore Valley of Kashmir with the Deosai Plains of Ladakh.
Zoji Laimportant road link between Srinagar on one side and Kargil and Leh on the other sideThe road passing through this pass has been designated as the National Highway (NH-1D).Border Road Organisation (BRO) is responsible for maintaining the road and cleaning it off snow during winter. In spite of all these efforts, the road through this pass remains closed from December to mid-May

Himachal Pradesh

passes in Himachal Pradesh
Bara Lacha LaHimachal Pradesh and Jammu and KashmirElevation: 4,890 mNational highway connecting Mandi in Himachal Pradesh with Leh in Jammu and Kashmir passes through this pass. Being situated at high altitude, it remains snow covered in winter and is not used as a transport route.
Debsa Passlink between Kullu and Spiti districtsElevation of 5270 m above sea levelIt offers a much easier and shorter alternative route to traditional Pin-Parbati Pass route between Kullu and Spiti
Rohtang Passroad link between Kullu, Lahul and Spiti ValleysElevation: 3979 mBorder Road Organisation (BRO) is responsible for constructing and maintaining roads in this area. Rohtang pass is a great tourist attraction and traffic jams are very common because this route is widely used by military, public and private vehicles.
Shipki LaHimachal Pradesh and TibetElevation: 6000 mRemains closed in winter season (Nov – Apr)


passes in Uttrakhand
Lipu Lekhtrijunction of Uttarakhand (India), Tibet (China) and Nepal bordersThis pass is used by pilgrims to Kailash-Mansarowar
Mana PassUttarakhand with Tibetelevation of 5610
Situated a little north of the holy place of Badhrinath.
Remains closed in winter season (Nov – Apr)
Mangsha Dhura PassUttarakhand with TibetIt is used by pilgrims going to Kailash-Mansarowar
Niti PassUttarakhand with TibetRemains closed in winter season (Nov – Apr)
Muling LaUttarakhand and Tibetsituated in the north of Gangotri
at an elevation of 5669 m in the Great Himalayas
Traill’s PassPindari valley to Milam valley.It is situated at the end of the Pindari glacier. This pass is very steep and rugged.


passes in Sikkim
Nathu LaSikkim with TibetAltitude of 4310 m
It forms part of an offshoot of the ancient Silk Route
An important trade route between India and China.
It was closed after the Chinese aggression on India in 1962 but was reopened in 2006 as the governments of the two countries decided to enhance their trade through land routes.
Jelep LaSikkim-Bhutan borderAltitude of 4538 m.
passes through Chumbi Valley.
important link between Sikkim and Lhasa

Arunachal Pradesh

passes in Arunachal Pradesh
Bom Di LaArunachal Pradesh with Bhutanaltitude of 4331 m
Situated at an altitude of 4331 m near the western boundary of Arunachal Pradesh in the Greater Himalayas, this pass connects Arunachal Pradesh with Lhasa
Dihang PassArunachal Pradesh and Myanmar.elevation of more than 4000 m
it provides passage in between Arunachal Pradesh.
Yonggyap PassArunachal Pradesh with Tibet Yonggyap pass lies at an altitude of 3962 meters on Indo-China border and joins Arunachal Pradesh with Tibet region.
Diphu PassTrijunction of India, China and Myanmareasy access between Arunachal Pradesh and Mandalay in Myanmar. It is an important land trade route between India and Myanmar and remains open throughout the year. Diphu Pass is also a strategic approach to eastern Arunachal Pradesh. It lies on the McMahon Line.
Kumjawng PassArunachal Pradesh with Myanmar Kumjawng Pass also lies on Indo-Myanmar border at an altitude of 2929 and joins Arunachal Pradesh with Myanmar.
Pangsan PassArunachal Pradesh with MyanmarPangsau Pass or Pan Saung Pass, 3,727 feet (1,136 m) in altitude, lies on the crest of the Patkai Hills on the India-Burma (Myanmar) border. The pass offers one of the easiest routes into Burma from the Assam plains. It is named after the closest Burmese village, Pangsau, that lies 2 km beyond the pass to the east.
Chankan PassArunachal Pradesh with Myanmar Chankan Pass also lies on the Indo-Myanmar border at an elevation of 2432 meters and joins Arunachal Pradesh with Myanmar.


Shencottah GapMadurai- KottayamIt is located in the Western Ghats. It joins the Madurai city in Tamil Nadu with Kottayam district in Kerala.The second largest gap in Western Ghats which is situated five kilometres from town is known by its name that is Shencottah Gap road rail lines pass through this gap which connect Shencottah with Punalur.  
Pal Ghat The Palakkad Gap is located in the Western Ghats between the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. India at an elevation of about 140 m. The mountain pass is located between Nilgiri Hills in the north and Anaimalai Hills towards the south and connects Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu with Palakkad in Kerala. The mountain pass was an important instrument for human migration across India’s southern tip throughout settled history.


Bhor GhatBhor Ghat or Bor Ghat or Bhore Ghaut is a mountain passage located between Palasdari and Khandala for railway and between Khopoliand Khandala on the road route in Maharashtra, India situated on the crest of the western Ghats. It is located at an elevation of four hundred and forty- one meters’ elevation above sea level. The ghat has a bit of historical evidence. The ghat was the ancient route developed by Satavahana to connect the ports of Choul, Revdanda Panvel etc. on the Konkan coast and the surrounding areas on the Deccan plateau. Today the ghat plays a massive part of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway laid from Mumbai to Pune.  
Thal GhatThal Ghat (also called Thul Ghat or Kasara Ghat) is a ghat section (mountain incline or slope) in the Western Ghats near the town of Kasara in Maharashtra. The Thal Ghat is located on the busy Mumbai–Nashik route, and is one of the four major routes, rail and road routes, leading into Mumbai. The railway line, which passes through the ghat is the steepest in India with a gradient of 1 in 37


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