GOVERNOR-GENERALS OF BENGAL
Warren Hastings (AD 1774-85)
● He brought the dual government to an end by the Regulating Act, 1773.
● The Act of 1781 made clear demarcation between the jurisdiction of the Governor General-in-Council and Supreme Court at Calcutta.
● Pitt’s India Act (1784), Rohilla War (1774), First Maratha War (1775-1782) and Treaty of Salbai with Marathas (1782) and Second Mysore War (1780- 84).
● Foundation of Asiatic Society of Bengal (1784) in Calcutta by Sir William Jones.
● English translations of Bhagavad Gita by Charles Wilkins in 1785.
Lord Cornwallis (AD 1786-93)
● Third Mysore War (1790-92) and Treaty of Seringapatnam (1792).
● Introduced Permanent Settlement in Bengal and Bihar (1793).
● He is called the Father of Civil Services in India, introduced judicial reforms by separating revenue administration from judicial administration and established a system of circles (thanas, headed by a Daroga (an Indian).
● Translation of Abhigyan Shakuntalam in English by William Jones in 1789.
Sir John Shore (AD 1793-98)
● Played an important role in the introduction of Permanent Settlement.
● Battle of Kharda between the Nizams and the Marathas (1795).
Lord Wellesley (AD 1798-1805)
● Introduction of the Subsidiary Alliance (1798), first alliance with Nizam of Hyderabad followed by Mysore, Tanjore, Awadh, the Peshwa, the Bhonsle and the Scindia.
● Treaty of Bassein (1802) and the Second Maratha War.
George Barlow (1805-07)
● Vellore Mutiny (1806)
Lord Minto I (AD 1807-13)
● Concluded the Treaty of Amritsar with Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1809).
● Charter Act of 1813 was passed.
Lord Hasting (AD 1813-23)
● Anglo Nepal War (1814-1816) and Treaty of Sagauli (1816).
● Third Maratha War (1817-18) dissolution of Maratha confederacy and creation of Bombay Presidency.
● Pindari War and establishment of Ryotwari System by Thomas Munro (1820).
Lord Amherst (AD 1823-28)
● First Burmese War (1824-26), Treaty of Yandaboo (1826) and capture of Bharatpur (1826).