1000 Important English Vocabulary Words from The Hindu Part 1

Important English Vocabulary Words from the Hindu

Abeyance (noun)

Meaning: a state of temporary disuse or suspension.

Synonyms: suspension, a state of suspension, a state of dormancy, a state of latency, a state of uncertainty

Usage: The project was left in abeyance for the time being.

Ambivalent (Adjective)

Meaning: having mixed feelings or contradictory ideas about something or someone.

Synonyms: equivocal, uncertain, unsure, doubtful, indecisive, inconclusive, irresolute.

Usage: Some loved her, some hated her, few were ambivalent about her.

Anomalous (adjective)

Meaning: deviating from what is standard, normal, or expected.

Synonyms: abnormal, atypical, non-typical, irregular.

Usage: Nuclear weapons testing may have been responsible for the anomalous weather conditions.

Antipathy (noun)

Meaning: a deep-seated feeling of aversion.

Synonyms: hostility, antagonism, animosity, aversion, animus

Usage: His fundamental antipathy to capitalism.

Apprehension (noun)

Meaning: anxiety or fear that something bad or unpleasant will happen.

Synonyms: alarm, worry, uneasiness, unease, nervousness,

Usage: He had been filled with apprehension at having to report his failure.

Approbation (noun)

Meaning: approval or praise.

Synonyms: acceptance, assent, endorsement, encouragement

Usage: He yearned for popular approbation.

Apropos (adjective)

Meaning: very appropriate to a particular situation

Synonyms: appropriate, pertinent, relevant, apposite, apt

Usage: The song feels apropos to a midnight jaunt.

Ascetic (adjective)

Meaning: characterized by severe self-discipline and abstention from all forms of indulgence, typically for religious reasons.

Synonyms: austere, self-denying, abstinent, abstemious.

Usage: An ascetic life of prayer, fasting, and manual labour.

Assay (noun)

Meaning: the testing of a metal or ore to determine its ingredients and quality

Synonyms: evaluation, assessment, analysis, examination, test

Usage: New plate was taxed when it was brought for assay.

Boisterous (adjective)

Meaning: noisy, energetic, and cheerful

Synonyms: lively, active, animated, exuberant, spirited, bouncy, frisky

Usage: A group of boisterous lads.

Burgeon (verb)

Meaning: begin to grow or increase rapidly; flourish.

Synonyms: grow rapidly, increase rapidly/exponentially, expand.

Usage: Tourism has burgeoned over the last ten years.

Castigate (verb)

Meaning: reprimand (someone) severely.

Synonyms: reprimand, rebuke, admonish, chastise, chide, upbraid, reprove

Usage: He was castigated for not setting a good example.

Contentious (adjective)

Meaning: causing or likely to cause an argument; controversial.

Synonyms: controversial, disputable, debatable, and disputed

Usage: The contentious issue of abortion.

Conundrum (noun)

Meaning: a confusing and difficult problem or question.

Synonyms: problem, difficult question, vexed question, difficulty

Usage: One of the most difficult conundrums for the experts.

Countenance (noun)

Meaning: a person’s face or facial expression

Synonyms: face, features, physiognomy, profile; facial expression

Usage: His impenetrable eyes and inscrutable countenance give little away.

Daunt (verb)

Meaning: make (someone) feel intimidated or apprehensive.

Synonyms: intimidate, abash, take aback, shake, ruffle, throw.

Usage: Some people are daunted by technology.

Delineate (Verb)

Meaning: describe or portray (something) precisely.

Synonyms: describe, set forth, set out, present, outline, depict, portray.

Usage: The law should delineate and prohibit behaviour which is socially abhorrent.

Denouement (noun)

Meaning: The final part of a play, film, or narrative in which the strands of the plot are drawn together and matters are explained or resolved

Synonyms: final scene, final act, last act

Usage: The film’s denouement was unsatisfying and ambiguous.

Diaphanous (adjective)

Meaning: (especially of fabric) light, delicate, and translucent.

Synonyms: sheer, fine, ultra-fine, delicate, light, lightweight, thin

Usage: She wore a diaphanous dress of pale gold.

Diffidence (noun)

Meaning: modesty or shyness resulting from a lack of self-confidence

Synonyms: shyness, bashfulness, unassertiveness, modesty, modestness

Usage: He regretted his diffidence and awkwardness in large groups.

Dilatory (adjective)

Meaning: slow to act

Synonyms: slow, unhurried, tardy, unpunctual, lax, slack

Usage: They were dilatory in providing the researchers with information.

Dissemble (verb)

Meaning: conceal or disguise one’s true feelings or beliefs

Synonyms: dissimulate, pretend, deceive, feign, act

Usage: An honest, sincere person with no need to dissemble.

Dogmatic (adjective)

Meaning: inclined to lay down principles as undeniably true

Synonyms: opinionated, peremptory, assertive, imperative, insistent

Usage: She was not tempted to be dogmatic about what she believed.

Epitome (noun)

Meaning: a person or thing that is a perfect example of a particular quality or type.

Synonyms: personification, embodiment, incarnation, paragon; essence

Usage: She looked the epitome of elegance and good taste.

Erudite (adjective)

Meaning: having or showing great knowledge or learning.

Synonyms: learned, scholarly, well educated, knowledgeable

Usage: He was so erudite that only men who were his equals in scholarship could understand him.

Forsake (Verb)

Meaning: abandon or leave.

Synonyms: abandon, desert, leave, quit, depart from, leave behind

Usage: She forsook her child, giving him up for adoption.

Friable (adjective)

Meaning: easily crumbled.

Synonyms: crumbly, easily crumbled, powdery, dusty.

Usage: The soil was friable between her fingers.

Fulminate (verb)

Meaning: express vehement protest

Synonyms: protest, rail, rage, rant, thunder, storm, declaim, inveigh

Usage: Ministers and preachers fulminated against the new curriculum.

Garner (Verb)

Meaning: gather or collect (something, especially information or approval)

Synonyms: accumulate, amass, assemble; store

Usage: The police struggled to garner sufficient evidence.

Idyllic (adjective)

Meaning: like an idyll; extremely happy, peaceful, or picturesque.

Synonyms: perfect, ideal, idealized, wonderful, blissful.

Usage: An attractive hotel in an idyllic setting.

Impudent (Adjective)

Meaning: not showing due respect for another person; impertinent.

Synonyms: impertinent, insolent, cheeky, audacious, brazen

Usage: He could have strangled this impudent upstart.

Inept (Adjective)

Meaning: having or showing no skill; clumsy.

Synonyms: incompetent, unskillful, unskilled, inexpert, amateurish

Usage: My attempts at baking were inept but I fumbled on.

Intractable (adjective)

Meaning: hard to control or deal with.

Synonyms: unmanageable, uncontrollable, ungovernable, out of control.

Usage: Their problems have become more acute and intractable.

Inveigle (verb)

Meaning: persuade (someone) to do something by means of deception or flattery

Synonyms: cajole, wheedle, coax, persuade, convince, talk

Usage: He was attempting to inveigle them into doing his will.

Novice (Verb)

Meaning: a person new to and inexperienced in a job or situation.

Synonyms: beginner, learner, inexperienced person

Usage: He was a complete novice in foreign affairs.

Perfidious (adjective)

Meaning: deceitful and untrustworthy

Synonyms: treacherous, duplicitous, deceitful, disloyal, faithless

Usage: It is highly risk to hire a perfidious labour.

Protean (adjective)

Meaning: tending or able to change frequently or easily.

Synonyms: ever-changing, variable, changeable, mutable, kaleidoscopic.

Usage: The diverse and protean nature of mental disorders.

Quaint (Adjective)

Meaning: attractively unusual or old-fashioned.

Synonyms: picturesque, charming, sweet, attractive, pleasantly old-fashioned

Usage: Narrow streets lead to a quaint bridge over the river.

Raffish (adjective)

Meaning: unconventional and slightly disreputable, especially in an attractive way

Synonyms: rakish, jaunty, dapper, dashing, sporty, flashy; unconventional

Usage: His cosmopolitan, raffish air.

Recondite (adjective)

Meaning: (of a subject or knowledge) little known; abstruse.

Synonyms: obscure, abstruse, arcane, esoteric, little known.

Usage: The book is full of recondite information.

Refractory (adjective)

Meaning: stubborn or unmanageable.

Synonyms: obstinate, mulish, bull-headed, intractable

Usage: The refractory students spend a great deal of time in the detention room.

Salient (Adjective)

Meaning: most noticeable or important.

Synonyms: important, main, principal, major, chief, primary, notable

Usage: The salient points stuck out clearly in her mind.

Saturnine (adjective)

Meaning: (of a person or their manner) gloomy.

Synonyms: sombre, melancholy, melancholic, moody, miserable

Usage: He was a rather saturnine individual who never spoke an unnecessary word.

Serendipity (Noun)

Meaning: the occurrence and development of events by chance in a happy or beneficial way.

Synonyms: chance, happy chance, accident, happy accident, fluke

Usage: Technical innovation may be the result of pure serendipity.

Sodden (adjective)

Meaning: saturated with liquid, especially water; soaked through.

Synonyms: soaking, soaking wet, soaked, soaked through, wet through

Usage: His clothes were sodden.

Stolid (adjective)

Meaning: calm, dependable, and showing little emotion or animation

Synonyms: impassive, phlegmatic, unemotional, calm

Usage: A stolid, slow-speaking man.

Truculent (Adjective)

Meaning: eager or quick to argue or fight; aggressively defiant.

Synonyms: defiant, aggressive, antagonistic, belligerent, pugnacious, bellicose

Usage: The truculent attitude of farmers to cheaper imports.

Turbid (adjective)

Meaning: (of a liquid) cloudy, opaque, or thick with suspended matter

Synonyms: murky, muddy, thick; opaque, cloudy

Usage: The turbid waters of the river.

Umbrage (Noun)

Meaning: offence or annoyance.

Synonyms: take offence, be offended, take exception, bridle, take something personally

Usage: She took umbrage at his remarks.

Vituperate (verb)

Meaning: blame or insult (someone) in strong or violent language

Synonyms: revile, rail against, inveigh against, fulminate against

Usage: He vituperated against all presidents with equal gusto.

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