UPSC Pre 2017 Polity Questions with answers

UPSC Pre 2017 Polity Questions

1. For election to the Lok Sabha, a nomination paper can be filed by [Pre 17 Q.7. Set D]

(a) anyone residing in India.
(b) a resident of the constituency from which the election is to be contested.
(c) any citizen of India whose name appears in the electoral roll of a constituency.
(d) any citizen of India.

2. Consider the following statements: [Pre 17 Q.26. Set D]

1. In the election for Lok Sabha or State Assembly, the winning candidate must get at least 50 percent of the votes polled, to be declared elected.
2. According to the provisions laid down in the Constitution of India, in Lok Sabha, the Speaker’s post goes to the majority party and the Deputy Speaker’s to the Opposition.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

3. Right to vote and to be elected in India is a [Pre 17 Q.36. Set D]

(a) Fundamental Right
(b) Natural Right
(c) Constitutional Right
(d) Legal Right

4. Consider the following statements: [Pre 17 Q.40. Set D]

1. The Election Commission of India is a five-member body.
2. Union Ministry of Home Affairs decides the election schedule for the conduct of both general elections and by-elections.
3. Election Commission resolves the disputes relating to splits/mergers of recognized political parties.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 3 only

5. In India, Judicial Review implies [Pre 17 Q.42. Set D]

(a) the power of the Judiciary to pronounce upon the constitutionality of laws and executive orders.
(b) the power of the Judiciary to question the wisdom of the laws enacted by the Legislatures.
(c) the power of the Judiciary to review all the legislative enactments before they are assented to by the President.
(d) the power of the Judiciary to review its own judgements given earlier in similar or different cases.

6. Which of the following are not necessarily the consequences of the proclamation of the President’s rule in a State? [Pre 17 Q.46. Set D]
1. Dissolution of the State Legislative Assembly
2. Removal of the Council of Ministers in the State
3. Dissolution of the local bodies
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

7. Which of the following are envisaged by the Right against Exploitation in the Constitution of India? [Pre 17 Q.47. Set D]

1. Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour
2. Abolition of untouchability
3. Protection of the interests of minorities
4. Prohibition of employment of children in factories and mines
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1, 2 and 4 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

8. Out of the following statements, choose the one that brings out the principle underlying the Cabinet form of Government: [Pre 17 Q.49. Set D]

(a) An arrangement for minimizing the criticism against the Government whose responsibilities are complex and hard to carry out to the satisfaction of all.
(b) A mechanism for speeding up the activities of the Government whose responsibilities are increasing day by day.
(c) A mechanism of parliamentary democracy for ensuring collective responsibility of the Government to the people.
(d) A device for strengthening the hands of the head of the Government whose hold over the people is in a state of decline.

9. Which one of the following is not a feature of Indian federalism?  [Pre 17 Q.50. Set D]

(a) There is an independent judiciary in India.
(b) Powers have been clearly divided between the Centre and the States.
(c) The federating units have been given unequal representation in the Rajya Sabha.
(d) It is the result of an agreement among the federating units.

10. Which of the following statements is/are true of the Fundamental Duties of an Indian citizen? [Pre 17 Q.61. Set D]

1. A legislative process has been provided to enforce these duties.
2. They are correlative to legal duties.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

11. Which one of the following objectives is not embodied in the Preamble to the Constitution of India? [Pre 17 Q.63. Set D]
(a) Liberty of thought
(b) Economic liberty
(c) Liberty of expression
(d) Liberty of belief

12. Democracy’s superior virtue lies in the fact that it calls into activity [Pre 17 Q.67. Set D]

(a) the intelligence and character of ordinary men and women.
(b) the methods for strengthening executive leadership.
(c) a superior individual with dynamism and vision.
(d) a band of dedicated party workers.

13. The main advantage of the parliamentary form of government is that  [Pre 17 Q.71. Set D]
(a) the executive and legislature work independently.
(b) it provides continuity of policy and is more efficient.
(c) the executive remains responsible to the legislature.
(d) the head of the government cannot be changed without election.

14. In the context of India, which one of the following is the correct relationship between Rights and Duties? [Pre 17 Q.72. Set D]

(a) Rights are correlative with Duties.
(b) Rights are personal and hence independent of society and Duties.
(c) Rights, not Duties, are important for the advancement of the personality of the citizen.
(d) Duties, not Rights, are important for the stability of the State.

15. The mind of the makers of the Constitution of India is reflected in which of the following? [Pre 17 Q.73. Set D]

(a) The Preamble
(b) The Fundamental Rights
(c) The Directive Principles of State Policy
(d) The Fundamental Duties

16. With reference to the Parliament of India, consider the following statements: [Pre 17 Q.76. Set D]
1. A private member’s bill is a bill presented by a Member of Parliament who is not elected but only nominated by the President of India.
2. Recently, a private member’s bill has been passed in the Parliament of India for the first time in its history.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

17. The Parliament of India exercises control over the functions of the Council of Ministers through [Pre 17 Q.75. Set D]

1. Adjournment motion
2. Question hour
3. Supplementary questions
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

18. One of the implications of equality in society is the absence of [Pre 17 Q.80. Set D]

(a) Privileges
(b) Restraints
(c) Competition
(d) Ideology

19. Which principle among the ‘following was added to the Directive Principles of State Policy by the 42nd Amendment to the Constitution? [Pre 17 Q.82. Set D]

(a) Equal pay for equal work for both men and women
(b) Participation of workers in the management of industries
(c) Right to work, education and public assistance
(d) Securing living wage and human conditions of work to workers

20. Which one of the following statements is correct? [Pre 17 Q.83. Set D]

(a) Rights are claims of the State against the citizens.
(b) Rights are privileges which are incorporated in the Constitution of a State.
(c) Rights are claims of the citizens against the State.
(d) Rights are privileges of a few citizens against the many.

21. Local self-government can be best explained as an exercise in [Pre 17 Q.91. Set D]

(a) Federalism
(b) Democratic decentralization
(c) Administrative delegation
(d) Direct democracy

22. Consider the following statements: [Pre 17 Q.92. Set D]
With reference to the Constitution of India, the Directive Principles of State Policy constitute limitations upon
1. legislative function.
2. executive function.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

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