Indian National Congress Sessions

The Indian National Congress (INC) was established in 1885 and it grew to become one of the most important political parties in pre-independence India. The first Indian National Congress session was held in 1885.

The Indian National Congress (INC) was established in 1885 and it became one of the most important political parties in pre-independence India. The first Indian National Congress session was held in 1885.

Allan Octavian Hume, Dadabhai Naoroji and Dinshaw Edulji Wacha founded Indian National Congress on 28 December 1885.

The list of Indian National Congress sessions with their Presidents are given below:

YearLocationPresidentImportance
1885BombayW C Bonnerjee1st session attended by 72 delegates
1886CalcuttaDadabhai NaorojiNational Congress and National Conference
1887MadrasSyed Badruddin TyabjiAppeal made to Muslims to join hands with other national leaders. First Muslim President.
1888AllahabadGeorge YuleFirst English president
1889BombaySir William Wedderburn
1890CalcuttaFeroz Shah Mehta
1891NagpurP. Ananda Charlu
1892AllahabadW C Bonnerjee
1893LahoreDadabhai Naoroji
1894MadrasAlfred Webb
1895PoonaSurendranath Banerjee
1896CalcuttaRahimtullah M. SayaniNational song ‘Vande Mataram’ sung for the first time.
1897AmravatiC. Sankaran Nair
1898MadrasAnanda Mohan Bose
1899LucknowRomesh Chandra Dutt
1900LahoreN G Chandavarkar
1901CalcuttaDinshaw E. Wacha
1902AhmedabadSurendranath Banerjee
1903MadrasLal Mohan Ghosh
1904BombaySir Henry Cotton
1905BenaresGopal Krishna GokhaleExpressed resentment against the partition of Bengal
1906CalcuttaDadabhai NaorojiThe word ‘Swaraj’ was mentioned for the first time. 1886-1906 Moderate Phase.
1907SuratRash Behari GhoshParty splits into extremists and moderates. Surat split.
1908MadrasRash Behari GhoshPrevious session continued
1909LahoreMadan Mohan MalaviyaIndian Councils Act, 1909
1910AllahabadSir William Wedderburn
1911CalcuttaBishan Narayan DharNational Anthem ‘Jana Gana Mana’ sung for the first time.
1912Bankipore (Patna)Raghunath Narasinha Mudholkar
1913KarachiSyed Mohammed
1914MadrasBhupendra Nath Basu
1915BombaySatyendra Prasanna Sinha
1916LucknowAmbica Charan MazumdarLucknow Pact – joint session with the Muslim League
1917CalcuttaAnnie BesantFirst woman president of the INC. Home Rule Moment.
1918Bombay And DelhiSyed Hasan Imam (Bombay) And Madan Mohan Malaviya (Delhi)Two sessions were held. First in Bombay in August/September Second in Delhi in December
1919AmritsarMotilal NehruJallianwala Bagh massacre strongly condemned
1920NagpurC Vijayaraghavachariar
1921AhmedabadHakim Ajmal Khan (acting President For C R Das)
1922GayaC R DasSwaraj Party formed.
1923KakinadaMaulana Mohammad Ali,
1924BelgaumM K GandhiOnly one time President.
1925KanpurSarojini NaiduFirst Indian woman president
1926GuwahatiS Srinivasa Iyengar
1927MadrasM A Ansari
1928CalcuttaMotilal NehruAll India Youth Congress formed
1929LahoreJawaharlal NehruResolution for ‘Poorna Swaraj.’ Civil Disobedience movement for complete independence to be launched, 26 January to be observed as ‘Independence Day’.
1930No Session
1931KarachiVallabhbhai PatelResolution on fundamental rights and national economic progress. Gandhi-Irwin pact endorsed. Gandhi nominated to represent INC in the second round table conference. only one time president.
1932DelhiAmrit Ranchhorddas Seth
1933CalcuttaMalaviya Was Elected But Mrs Nellie Sengupta Presided
1934BombayRajendra Prasad1935 – No Session.
1936LucknowJawaharlal Nehru
1936FaizpurJawaharlal NehruFirst rural session/first session to be held in a village
1938HaripuraSubhas Chandra BoseNational planning committee set up under Nehru
1939TripuriSubhas Chandra BoseBose was elected but had to resign since Gandhi supported Pattabhi Sitaramayya. Instead, Rajendra Prasad was appointed
1940RamgarhAbul Kalam AzadLongest serving President. 1940-1945
1941-45No session because of arrest
1946MeerutAcharya KripalaniLast session before independence, supported partition.
1948JaipurPattabhi SitaramayyaFirst session after independence
1950NashikPurushottam Das TandonResigned in 1951; Nehru became President
1951DelhiJawaharlal Nehru
1953HyderabadJawaharlal Nehru
1954KalyaniJawaharlal Nehru
1955Avadi(madras)U. N. Dhebar
1956AmritsarU. N. Dhebar
1958GauhatiU. N. Dhebar
1959NagpurIndira Gandhi
1960BangaloreNeelam Sanjeeva Reddy
1961BhavnagarNeelam Sanjeeva Reddy
1962BhubaneshwarDamodaran Sanjvayya
1963PatnaDamodaran Sanjvayya
1964BhubaneshwarK. Kamaraj
1965DurgapurK. Kamaraj
  • Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee from Calcutta was elected as the President of the first session while A.O Hume acted as the General Secretary.
  • At the time of the first session of the INC, Lord Dufferin was the Viceroy.

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